It is 45 years ago that Margaret Sanger died. She was an American sex educator, nurse and birth control activist. She introduced suffragist and philanthropist Katharine Dexter McCormick to reproductive physiologist Gregory Pincus. McCormick provided a vast funding so Pincus could dramatically expand and accelerate his research to the oral contraceptive pill (‘the pill’). The first contraceptive trials in women were conducted in 1956.